My book group read Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier this month, and we were all surprised by the descriptions of deeply fragrant azaleas at Manderlay in Cornwall. Around Washington, DC, the azaleas we know, while beautiful, are unscented. Why?
Azaleas are members of the rhododendron genus, and are closely related to the woodland rhododendrons. Most azaleas with scent are deciduous, so they lose their leaves in the fall. Most unscented azaleas are evergreen. Around Washington, DC, azaleas are often used as foundation-hiding plantings, so the evergreen (and therefore unscented) varieties are more popular.
About 1900––a few decades before du Maurier wrote Rebecca––Lionel de Rothschild fell in love with deciduous azaleas and bred his own cultivars at his Exbury estate in Hampshire (not far from Cornwall.) Some of the “Exburys” are particularly fragrant, so the second Mrs. de Winter may well have been entranced by Exburys.
This year, we lost a number of backyard shrubs to a particularly cold winter. I’m looking at deciduous azaleas as replacements. Not only do they provide fragrance, their leaves turn shades of bright orange, yellow, and gold in the fall.