In Holland between 1634 and 1637, tulip bulbs that produced flowers with irregular stripes, streaks, and feathery patterns cost thousands of dollars. But those who bought the tulip bulbs in this era of tulipomania were regularly disappointed. They discovered that the seeds of the bulbs didn’t produce tulips that were “broken,” as these bi-colored flowers were described. Moreover, each season, the bulbs’ flowers were fewer and weaker. Although the little bulbs that grew off the parent bulb (called offsets) produced broken flowers, the next-gen bulbs were always less productive than their parent.
It turned out that the source of the spectacular patterns was one of the dozen tulip viruses. Unfortunately, the virus weakened the plant, and ultimately the genetic line of a bulb would die out.
In the early 1980s, the Dutch government outlawed the sale of virus-infected tulips. But the flowers pictured here are not illegals. Today’s tulip breeders have manipulated the genetics of tulips to produce patterns, so you can buy bulbs that produce flowers that recall the seventeenth-century beauties, but will bloom exuberantly for many years.